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http://finance.QQ.com  2005年11月29日20:38  腾讯财经  ()


Between "Opening" and "Closing":

Reception Center, Minhang Ecological Garden, Shanghai

地点: 上海闵行经济技术开发区,东川路(昆阳路口)

Location:Dong-chuan Road (at Kun-yang Road), Minhang Economic and Technological Development Zone, Shanghai, China


Completion: May 2004



Architect:Pu Miao, Ph.D., Associate Professor, School of Architecture, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA (pmiao@hawaii.edu);

Collaborator: Shanghai Landscape Architecture Design Institute



本工程建筑面积为4,400平方米,是一个坐落在城市公园中,供小团体开会、休闲的设施。我们尝试用上述的思想来指导本设计。本建筑群全部被墙包围,所以它虽然位于公共绿地之中,但使用者仍可享受私密。与此同时,多条各种各样的视觉通道穿越建筑群,如小河及墙上的豁口, 使人们同时又能感受到外面公园及城市的生活脉搏。中心的每个房间都与一个室外空间配对,使生活能在人工与自然的环境中同时展开。室外空间的设计还借鉴了上海的乡土风景。现在,苇庄中小河沿岸的芦苇都已经长到1。5米高了。如果说本设计在空间上采用了在今天仍有生命力的传统概念, 在建筑“硬件”上则充分利用我国现代建筑工业中常用的材料及体系。


Along with the Open-Door movement in economic and social realms, Chinese architecture and urban planning since the 1980s have also become literally more and more "open," accomplished through widely introducing prototypal forms of Western Modernist architecture and urbanism, which prefer a building to be a consolidated object surrounded by open space with boundaries of the site open to its urban environment. Such developments have been hailed as progress away from the suffocating courtyard space of traditional Chinese architecture.

However, do today's Chinese people see privacy and living with nature in the same way as in the West? Do Chinese cities have the same density to afford the expansive lawns as those in the West?  We believe that the fundamental principles of Modernism, such as its functionalism and use of new technology, must be followed in our industrialization. But we also must "localize" the other aspects of Modernism to allow it grow in the Chinese soil. Just as the half-"open"/half-"close" approaches used by Asia emerging economies in their industrialization, a new Chinese architecture must create its own design models, which lie in neither imitating the West nor clinging to the tradition, but in the dynamic tension between complete "opening" and exclusive "closing".

We try to experiment with the above idea in this 4,400-square-meter project for small-group conferencing, retreat and park administration within an urban park. The building complex is walled to give users privacy amid a public green space. Meanwhile, various visual channels,such as the canal and the slits on the walls, penetrate the complex to allow people to feel life in the park and the city beyond. Every room in the complex is paired with an outdoor space so that life can unfold itself in man-made and natural settings simultaneously. These outdoor spaces are so designed to recall the local rural landscape. Now the reeds along the canal in the Village of Reeds have grown to 1.5-meter high. If the building space adopts traditional concepts that are still alive today, in the "hardware" of the building we insist on using material and systems common in contemporary Chinese building industry.

The resulting building does not have a "main facade" or "best viewing angle" as object-like buildings do. Visitors have to walk through the courtyards to obtain a complete experience. By placing an 1:8 building plan on the floor and hanging pictures at positions roughly corresponding to those in the real setting, we hope that you will be able to gain a similar experience.



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