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作品[23]:厦门--单身公寓
http://finance.QQ.com  2005年11月29日20:23  腾讯财经  ()

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厦门点击查看厦门及更多城市天气预报留学生创业园单身公寓南临环城交通大道,北贴现有的办公 楼,西靠新建的科研大楼,东面是园区内道路。在设计任务书中,业 主对建筑的层数、层高、建筑内外墙材质、色彩、公寓的基本单元和 形态(南外廊)等均有明确的要求。它事实上已确定了建筑的基本平 面、剖面、形态。基地现状决定了该项目呈现在众人面前只有长长的 南立面(长81.6m,高20.4m)和狭窄的东立面(宽11.1m)。南外墙的 基本形态要求淡化了项目的功能特点,因为南外廊式的办公、住宅、 教室等在视觉形态上是近似的。立面作为界面界定了建筑与环境、内 与外、局部与整体、旁观者与使用者……它不再是外皮,而是双面胶

外界面正对街道和行人,环城通道上 的大部分行人以车代步。由于相对运动效应,成组的静止的竖线条面 对不断靠近远去的人,会产生不断的密——疏——密的拉伸感、凹凸 感、运动感;凡坐车经过两边有成排林荫树的人对此不会陌生。内界 面被分为各层走廊,建筑师希望使用者或他人在走廊里,经过建筑元 素而不是门牌的提示知道他是在哪一层(原设计中各层走廊内颜色不 同,以增加识别性,后被业主取消)。作为对建筑所属区为的诠释, 界面可看作是以整数为基数的倍数图解或是连续光谱的频率图式。由 此确立的界面具体形态是以外廊水平挑梁为基础的垂直柱阵组。在宿 舍1层,柱距等同柱网尺寸,宿舍2层柱距为柱网尺寸的1/2,柱数增加 一倍……在宿舍5层,柱距为柱网尺寸的1/5,柱数增加4倍。除了垂直 的圆钢栏杆之外,该立面不存在其它多余的东西,柱宽等于梁高,界 面的基本形态即是它的内外表现形式。

In the Report of Design Task,the proprietors have specified the building’s number of floors,the height of each floor,as well as the material and color of the building’s interior and exterior walls. They also specified the flats’ basic unit and pattem (the outside corridor in the south). In fact,the report has decided the plane layout,sectional biew and pattem.The situation of the site has decided that only a long southem façade (81.6m long and 20.4m high)and a narrow eastem façade(11.1 meters width)will be shown. The general requirements for the form of the southem exterior wall weaken the function of the building, because such building as the office, the residence,and the classroom with outside corridor in the south are similar in appearance.As an interface, the façade decides the relationship between architecture and environment,inside and outside,parts and the whole,spectator and user.The façade is not only a skin,but also a double-face adhesive tape.

The building’s facade faces the street and passengers.Most of the passengers through the circle artery travel by car instead of on foot.Owning building and thepassengers,groups of static vertical lines,when facing the ever coming and leaving passengers,will result in the sense of pulling and drawing,extruding and concave,and the sense of movement.The inside skin was divided into several layers of corridor.The architect expects that users will know about his location not through sign on the door but through architectural elements, if he likes.The resulting from of the interface is the grouped bertical column based on the horizontal overhanging beams of the outer corridor.That is, on the first floor, the width between two columns is equal to the depth between two columns, on the second floor, the width is 1/2 of the depth and the number of columns is doubled…on the fifth floor,the widith is 1/5 of the depth and the number is five times of that of the first floor.Therer is no other unnecessary on the façade except the roud vertical steel columns. The form of the interface expresses its significance both inside and outside.

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张永和评论

建筑师罗四维在厦门设计的单身公寓楼很平,整栋建筑的趋势是水平的,屋顶、立面也很平;然而这平也是平和,为这栋建筑与邻里对话,成为城市的一部分创造了条件。

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